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Moisturizing and hydrating: Glycerin

skincare ingredients Moisturizing and hydrating: Glycerin

Overview:
- neutral, colourless, thick liquid which freezes to a thick paste
- powerful degreaser and a natural by-product of soap making
- make the bubbles in bubble bath last longer
- skin-friendly humectant which attracts water to the skin
- provide lubrication and acts as a humectant
- natural remedy for yeast and fungal infections
- highly stable under typical storage conditions
- compatible with many other chemical materials
- virtually non-toxic and non-irritating in its varied uses
- natural glycerin are naturally derived from vegetable oils
- synthetic glycerin are produced from propylene alcohol
- (propylene alcohol is a petroleum derivative)

Anti-aging: Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

skincare ingredients Anti aging: Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

Overview
- an active ingredient derived from fruit acids
- may be naturally occurring or synthetic
- common AHAs include: 
   > glycolic acid from sugar cane
   > lactic acid from milk
   > citric acid from citrus fruits
- less common AHAs include:
   > malic acid from apples 
   > tartaric acid from wine
- helps exfoliate the top layers of the epidermis
- helps penetration of other ingredients
- promotes moisture restoration 

Purported skin care benefits when applied topically:
- reduces superficial fine lines
- reduces irregular pigmentation and age spots
- reduces large pores
- smooths and firms skin
- removes blemishes
- helps skin look fresher, radiant and more luminous

Collagen production: L-Ascorbic Acid

skincare ingredients Collagen production: L Ascorbic Acid

Overview
- the only useful form of vitamin C in skin care products
- a potent antioxidant proven to stimulate the synthesis of collagen 
- strengthens the capillaries and cell walls
- protect both beta-carotene and Vitamin E from oxidation
- easily absorbed by the skin and can stay for up to 72 hours
- is unstable and oxidize rapidly
- not capable of absorbing the sunlight 
- must be used with a sunscreen

Gentle skin care: Calendula

skincare ingredients Gentle skin care: Calendula

Prelude
Using flowers in skin care is increasingly becoming more common.  In fact, most if not all natural or organic skin care manufacturers these days use extracts taken from fresh flowers as active ingedients in their product range.  Apart from the fact that they are natural ingredients, using flowers in skin care recipes is great because it creates skin care products that smell absolutely delightful as there is nothing more lovely and breathtaking than the scent of fresh flowers.  Calendula, also known as pot marigold is a prime example.